Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing directly from a plate, stone, screen or block, normally on paper. Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints with an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting. The process is capable of producing multiples of the same piece, which is called a 'print'. Each piece produced is not a copy but considered 'an original' since it is not a reproduction of another work of art and is technically (more correctly) known as an 'impression'. Printmaking is not chosen only for its ability to produce multiple copies, but rather for the unique qualities that each of the printmaking processes lends itself to.

A single print could be the product of one or multiple techniques.


Relief (Woodcuts, Linocuts)


Intaglio (Etching)


Lithography


Other Processes

Fine Art Prints or Reproductions?

An original print is a final piece of artwork made directly from a plate, stone, screen or block, before whose completion, no finished artwork existed. The artist’s effort is spent developing the creative image directly on the plate in order to produce a print which is original artwork. No two prints are alike, but each is considered an original piece of artwork.
Editions & Multiples

The artist may print either Editions or Multiples. When creating editions, the artist makes a fixed amount of prints the same way. A series of multiples are created when the printer makes many prints deliberately different.
Reproductions

A reproduction is a copy made from an original piece of artwork (paintings, drawings or even an original print) which is mechanically printed. Photo-offset reproductions are sometimes called “lithographs.” The photolithograph should not be confused with the original, hand-pulled stone lithograph. Thousands of copies can be created that are exactly the same. None are original pieces of art.